Bedbugs

Bedbugs Introduction;

Bed Bug Infestations Increasing from New York to California
Experts are warning that New Yorkers planning to travel should be on the lookout for bed bugs. Experts, entomoligists and city officials say that bed bugs are on the rise, not only in New York, but also in cities across the United States.
If you live in New York Tri-State area and suspect you may have brought bed bugs home take action immediately before the infestation spreads. Our K-9 will provide a bed bug inspections for Residential and Commerical facilities, bed bug consulting and offers total solutions for bed bugs. For K-9 inspections can be reached by calling 914-831-7100 or 212-203-9311.

You have been waking up to itchy lumps for a few weeks. You have been to the doctor who sent you to a specialist who did blood tests and gave you some cream. You wake in the early hours and turn on the light and here are several little black looking bugs crawling on you and/or the sheets so you panic, somewhere you have heard about bed bugs and thier diabolical, blood sucking habits so you drag your bed and base through the house and leave it out back, you gather the bedding and dump it in the laundry to wash first thing and empty two cans of mortein into the bedroom, then go and settle in for the night on the sofa.


Bed Bugs SIZE: 1/4 to 3/8 inch 


COLOR:  Reddish brown or brown 


DESCRIPTION: The adult bed bug is a wingless insect that is flattened from top to bottom. The immatures appear identical to the adults except for their smaller size,and a lighter yellowish white color. 

 

BIOLOGY:


Female bed bugs lay 1 to 5 eggs per day with the 1/32 inch long, white eggs being deposited individually in cracks or on rough surfaces and secured with a transparent cement for an average total of 200 eggs; maximum eggs per day is 12, with 541 for a lifetime. There are 5 nymphal instars with a blood meal required for each molt. About 3 to 10 minutes are required for each blood meal, during which saliva containing an anticoagulant is injected. Developmental time (egg to adult) takes 21 days at 86?F to 120 days at 65?F. The threshold for egg hatching, nymphal development, and adult activity is 55 to 59?F. Below 61?F adults enter semi-hibernation and the heat stress death point is 111 to 113?F.
Without a blood meal, once-fed nymphs can survive an average of 51 days (range 28 to 73) at 81?F and 70 to 75% RH. Being poorly fed can greatly prolong the life cycle (up to several years in some studies). With normal feeding and reproductive cycles, individuals can live up to 316 days. Not all bed bugs in a residence will feed concurrently. They remain concealed until hungry. Humans are the preferred host of these insects but in their absence bed bugs will feed on poultry, canaries, English sparrows, mice, rats, rabbits, guinea pigs, and bats.
Although the bite of bed bugs is painless, most people (80%) develop an allergic reaction to the saliva injected by the bug as it feeds. A swelling usually results from feeding but there is no red spot such as is characteristic with flea bites. Swelling may be severe and extend beyond the immediate bite area in highly sensitive individuals. Although bed bugs have been suspect in the transmission of many diseases or disease organisms in humans, in most cases conclusive evidence is lacking.


TYPE OF DAMAGE: They feed principally on human blood by piercing the skin with a long beak . Bed bugs inject a fluid into their host to help them get their blood meal. this fluid makes some people sensitive to bites,causing irritation, itching, and inflammation. Other people can live with bed bugs and not be aware of their presence. They feed mostly at night, but will feed during the day if hungry, and the light is dim. 

 

INTERESTING FACTS: Usually discovered in unsuspected areas such as in floor cracks, under carpets, behind wallpaper, pictures frames, in or behind dresser drawers. behind headboards, base boards, moldings, windows, box springs, mattresses seams, and any type of furnitures.

 

CULTURAL CONTROL & PREPARATORY MEASURES:


In hotels and motels, the number one place for infestations is the backside of headboards mounted on walls. These must be removed for inspection. Typically, initial infestations of bed bugs are found associated with the bed such as around mattress buttons and beading, in box springs or their coverings, and in any crevice of a wooden bed frame, such as where members join. They are particularly fond of wood and fabrics as opposed to plastic and metal.
Presently, most infestations are encountered in hotels and motels (all levels of prestige), youth hostels, shelters, and dormitories, probably because of the transient nature occupation.

 

WHAT SHOULDN'T YOU DO? Don't panic Although bed bugs can be annoying, they can be battled safely and succesfully. Do not dispose of any furniture that is useful. Infested furniture can be treated. ( particularly mattresses )